Landscape design is now an established art and career, practiced by many landscape architects, blending the art of nature with human aesthetic sense and culture. In modern practice, landscape architecture bridges the gap between traditional garden architecture and landscape designing. Garden designing and landscape design combine art with science to create an integrated approach, which allows for creative expression and the presentation of scientific information in a meaningful way. Garden buildings, waterfalls, pools, bridges, and structures are common features found in landscape designs.
The term landscape architecture refers to the arrangement of buildings and other features in relation to their climatic and geographical settings, as well as to the purpose they serve. The design of a landscape usually reflects the architect’s appreciation of the earth and his understanding of human habitat. A landscape design can be viewed from two perspectives: that of the aesthetic and functional aspect or that of the environmental impact.
Urbanization has led to increase in the number of people engaging in landscape architecture. Urban design concentrates on the site planning, development, and maintenance of the built structures. The main challenge in landscape architecture is the integration of physical and natural elements in order to create a sustainable environment that has minimal negative impacts on the natural resources. It aims to create a balance between humans and nature, while integrating the two through different design approaches. The planning, development, and maintenance of a building site require expertise in urban planning, as well as landscape architecture.